Governments are failing to match the level of ambition required to meet the Paris Agreement’s 1.5°C limit, the long-term temperature goal (LTTG). Governments’ current commitments set the world on course for warming of about 2.8°C. Incremental improvements to these plans will not be enough. Rather, transformational changes, both at global and sectoral levels, are necessary to achieve the LTTG. COVID-19 recovery packages present both opportunities and threats for governments to enhance climate action and build resilience to climate change.